History and origin of 10 domestic cat breeds

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origin of domestic cats

We all love cats. Isn’t it so? But most of us don’t know about the different cat breeds and especially about their history and origin. In this detailed article, we tried to cover history and origin of top ten most known domestic cat breeds. I hope that you will really love it.

1. Maine Coon – History and Origin of the breed

Maine Coon History of the breed

Maine Coon is a breed that has always attracted great attention of cat lovers in our country. The unusual name, eccentric appearance and the amazing size of this animal like a magnet attract all new fans.

The history of the development of Maine Coons began relatively recently. According to various versions, long-haired cats appeared in the American state of Maine about 230-250 years ago. The harsh climate of New England with short summers and snowy winters contributed to the further natural development of special external qualities among representatives of this breed.

As for the initial appearance of the long coat gene in Maine Coon cats, the whole kaleidoscope of legends surrounding the breed boils down to their crossbreeding with European long-haired cats – Norwegian forest, Persian or Angora.

The appearance of the latter on the continent is associated with the name of the French Queen Marie Antoinette. Captain Samuel Clough, after a failed attempt to escape Her Highness during the French Revolution to Wiskasset, was forced to sail to America with all the royal property, in which, in addition to precious things, there were several Angora court cats. 

It is also believed that Marie Antoinette gave a couple of her favorites to Marquise de Lafayette, who took them to New Earth during the American War of Independence.

However, both Angora and Persian cats could simply be brought to Maine by sailors, because in those days cats were always present on ships to save food from rats. Maine coons appeared as a result of mixing short-haired cats introduced by pilgrims with Norwegian forest hypothetically also seems possible, because the Vikings have repeatedly visited the mainland.

Another mystery related to Maine Coons is the occurrence of the end of “kun”. There is a beautiful legend about an English captain named Coon, whose long-haired cats always accompanied him when landing on land in New England. 

And if the local cats showed longhair offspring, then the kittens were called “Kunsky”. Unfortunately, an even more charming myth about the love of a cat and raccoon (from the English “racoon”) is a genetically incorrect assumption, as well as crossbreeding with an American trot.

Great hunters, able to survive independently under extreme climatic conditions, Maine Coons quickly became popular with farmers who organized their own cat shows at the Skouhegan Fair in the 1860s.

In the 1870s, the show “gentle giants” quickly spread to the west until Chicago.

The first major Maine Coon victory took place on May 8, 1895 at the main national cat show in Madison Square Garden in New York. Brown Tabby named Cousey received the title of “Best Cat”.

The true connoisseur of real American cats at the turn of the XIX-XX centuries was the American Miss E.P. Pearce. It was she who wrote the whole chapter about this unique breed in the famous book of Francis Simpson “The Book of the Cat”.

Founded in 1908, the American Cat Lovers Association (CFA) included 28 cats identified as Maine Coons in the first volume of its register.

The last at this stage, a significant victory of the representative of this breed took place at an exhibition in Portland in 1911.

Further, in connection with the popularization of other long-haired breeds for Maine Coons, the years of almost complete oblivion came. For forty years, the breed was preserved only by the efforts of enthusiasts, such as Mrs. Ezelin Wittemore, who carefully kept records of the pedigrees of her pets. An interesting fact is that all the breeders of these cats have never sought to change the appearance of this beautiful animal, but only to preserve its natural beauty.

In 1953, Alta Smith and Ruby Dyer from Scouhegan formed the independent Central Maine Cats Club, which aimed at publicly recognizing Maine Coons. They not only held permanent cat shows, but also actively promoted their wards at photo exhibitions and in newspapers.

In 1956, thanks to Dr. Rachel Salisbury Maine Coons, the breed acquired the first standard, and in 1968 an association of their lovers was created, which did a tremendous job of restoring the breed. Results followed quickly. May 1, 1976, these cats were awarded the status of CFA championship and received the right to participate in all exhibitions in the country. On April 10, 1985, the government recognized Maine Coons as official Maine cats.

The first real Maine Coon cats were brought to Russia in 1992 from Denmark – Narnia’s Gorky and Narnia’s Kukun, although already at the shows of the 1980s some domestic cats were classified according to the phenotype of this breed.

2. Persian cats: History and Origin of the breed

Persian cats History of the breed

Persian cats , so soft to the touch and gentle to the ear, are rightly considered the most domestic of their kind. For a long time they live next to a person and are used to sharing all family concerns with him. 

Many of the Persians even lost the ability to catch small rodents. Despite the indoor lifestyle, cats of the Persian breed very quickly adapt to the environment, which makes it possible to take them with them on various trips. Their “domestication” is manifested mainly not in attachment to a particular house, apartment, but in attachment to a specific person.

The Persian cat is undoubtedly one of the most loyal and pleasant companions. To prove this, we recall two recent stories. American photographer George Smallsried, who died on May 16 last year, bequeathed that his own ashes should be mixed with the ashes of his cat Whitty, who died in 1991, and was scattered along country roads.

 How amazing a cat should be, so that the owner carefully preserved its ashes for 17 years. The story of Marco Milano is less touching, but still not without its charm. Milano, who was a member of the Italian mafia group and hid from the Italian police in Canada for three years, agreed in 1997 to surrender to the authorities, provided that he spent his 8-year term in a Sicilian prison in the same cell with his Persian Minu.  

Weasel, calmness and complete trust in a person … Is this not enough for us in our everyday life. The Persian cat photo will faithfully sit on the owner’s lap or on his shoulders, purring his quiet song pleasantly, or just being there, looking intently into your eyes.

Persian cats accept children and other animals well, but less noisy houses will be preferable for them. Calmness, inactivity and poise of representatives of this breed does not at all preclude curiosity and playfulness. Do not completely flatter yourself at their expense if you dreamed of buying a sort of beautiful “sofa cushion”. 

The extraordinary mental abilities of cute creatures sometimes lead to unpredictable results. After all, it is the Persian cat Munchkin from the English city of Norswich that is suspected of calling the police to his home. He not only managed to unlock his home phone, but also pressed 911 and made strange noises to the receiver.

Due to the peculiarities of their physique, Persian cats do not jump high, so for your own peace of mind you can store fragile things in an “inaccessible zone”.

Relations with the Persians are built on mutual care. All the warmth and attention that you receive will require you to comb your pet daily. The Persian cat photo itself is not able to cope with the care of its luxurious, man-bred coat. 

If the hair is not combed in time, it causes the cat to swallow, and the hair clumps that clog the stomach, in severe cases, lead to surgery. In addition, the hair must be combed to prevent the appearance of warlocks and to give it an aesthetic appearance. Monthly baths significantly reduce the electrostaticity of the coat. 

Due to the structural features of the skull, Persian cats suffer from obstruction of the lacrimal ducts, and since the discharge from the eyes can discolor the hair around the nose, they should also be properly cared for.

3. Russian blue cat: History and Origin of the breed

If it is difficult for a person who has looked at such an amazing natural creature as a Russian blue cat to resist magical emerald eyes in combination with silver wool, then further acquaintance with the “blue angel” will result in him with a series of enthusiastic revelations, discoveries, surprises about complexity and exceptionalism the nature of the creature.

Pair of russian blue

Russian blues have a graceful body and a truly aristocratic appearance, which is accompanied by the same refined character and upbringing. Like real aristocrats, at first glance, they seem closed, shy and proud. 

These cats are especially wary of strangers, although they behave with restraint before the appearance of a friendly thread with their owners. But once the connection formed between you will please you for many years. You will get a truly reliable and devoted friend, generous in his arms and instantly feeling your mood.

Curious kitten of a Russian blue cat

Russian blue is unusually gentle, this is perhaps the most “soft-footed” cat. It is unlikely that you will ever be “lucky” to decorate your body with scratches. Communication with a person is simply happiness for them. 

Having your friendly company, they are ideal for home living, as they do not seek communication outside the home. By virtue of their natural curiosity, Russian blue people love to participate in any family business, from cooking, washing dishes to washing clothes and watching movies. For the same reasons, they prefer open doors to closed. 

Russian blue cats will certainly become interesting companions for any person.At the same time, it cannot be said about her total dependence on people, because in our absence she will also not allow herself to be bored and will do some interesting things, which makes this cat especially suitable for people working at work. 

This cat is endowed with an exceptional temperament, which manifests itself in the fact that being very active and mobile, it is not destructive at the same time and will never turn your house over and over or turn it into ruins. 

She does not like the mess and is terribly afraid of the roar. Her activity is manifested as playfulness. These cats play even at the most venerable age. Having returned home, it’s better not to ignore the pet or darling: as thin as nature, they are very sensitive and vulnerable.

Another aristocratic feature is super-cleanliness. The Russian blue cat photo will not drink stale water and eat from a dirty bowl, and it is especially demanding on the toilet. Surely, for conscientious owners daily cleaning of the tray will not be a problem, since people will also be preferable to the absence of unpleasant odors than their presence.

Due to the short coat, this cat does not need special care. It is enough to comb it once a week with a soft brush and occasionally “wash” with special cosmetic talcum powder. Some representatives of this breed, in principle, endure the washing procedure under water, and if necessary, it can be carried out every three to four months. It should be noted that these cats molt relatively little and do not cause the associated hassle of cleaning the house.

Russian blue huntress

Watching the hunt of the green-eyed beauty, you will surely have the image of a truly large predator – her movements are so elegant and powerful. Like big wild cats, Russian blue has amazing data for jumping. Having no hereditary diseases and a tendency to obesity, and generally having enviable health, these cats have been in excellent athletic form all their long life. Often they live more than 15 years.

The owner of a quiet voice and a loud purr, they say, this cat herself often chooses a master or hosts from family members. Ideal companions for them are single working adults, people who first got a cat, and families with older children. 

The Russian blue cat photo was also seen in special friendly relations with dogs and other cats. They are first-class mothers, raising their cubs with a gentle voice and keeping them in perfect cleanliness. And which is not at all characteristic of other breeds, cat fathers are also often completely involved in caring for growing offspring.

Russian blue cat kitten

To convey in words all the elegance, beauty and personality of the nature of the representatives of this breed is almost impossible. This cat is not an amiable pet, but affectionate. She will not jump to the stranger’s knees, arrange a show because of a piece of goodies, purr on the stranger’s lap. 

It is quiet, but independent, and requires the owners to accept it as it is. And, frankly, she has the right to demand this, since she herself shows respect in communicating with any living creatures.

Most people who once acquired a charming blue kitten will never make their choice in favor of another breed.

4. Bambino: History and Origin of the breed

If you decide to have a Bambino kitten, you should know some circumstances regarding home content, its nature, behavior. We will try briefly, but capaciously to state all this in this article.

Origin of breed

The first Bambino kitten appeared in the early 2000s, when there was a cross of naked Canadian sphinxes and short-legged munchkins. The result was a hairless cat with short legs, while the body is quite muscular and strong. 

They inherited sphinxes kitten sociability and curiosity, and from the Manchkin – strength and agility. Bambino kittens are very affectionate, friendly, playful, never show aggression and willingly make contact with people, especially young children. 

All this became possible thanks to carefully conducted selection work. In particular, in Russia, the BabyMoon nursery became the first to breed this breed, and Elena and Maria Chernov became the curator of this activity.

Breed description

When you touch Babmbino, you get the feeling that you are stroking well-crafted suede. The lack of hair gives cats of this breed a special extravagance. 

They are small in stature, weigh from 2.5 to 4 kilograms. As a rule, males are larger than females, but this difference is approximately 25%. The body of both males and females is well developed, muscular, strong, densely folded. 

Many compare Bambino with a dachshund, but unlike this breed of dogs, cats have no problems with the spine. The fact is that she is just a little closer to the ground than all the rest of her gather in appearance.

Despite the short legs, cats quickly move around the apartment, are able to jump from floor to table. Due to its excessive activity, cats should be pampered with all kinds of toys. Quite often they are compared with monkeys.

Breed standard

The following signs should be observed in Bambino cats, indicating its purebredness:

  • wide chest;
  • round belly;
  • wedge-shaped head;
  • the muzzle is round;
  • eyes are round, widely set, pronounced color;
  • muscular neck of medium length;
  • the straight back is at the same level as the upper part of the hind limbs;
  • paws shortened, strong, medium size, oval;
  • toes are long, with prominent protruding joints;
  • the tail is long and thin, tapering towards the end;
  • wrinkled skin with folds on the chest, legs, abdomen, neck, limbs;
  • the wool is either completely absent or there is a slight edge;
  • Cats come in three colors: blue, black and white.

5. Bengal cat: History and origin of the breed

Bengal cat

Bengal cat has a bright and catchy beauty. Their fantastic wild appearance and magic plasticity of movements instantly conquer human hearts. What is hidden behind the exotic appearance of a bengal? 

The owners of these cats unanimously claim that there is a gullible, sociable and very balanced creature. Bengals are perfectly able to communicate with everyone: owners and guests, children, adults and other pets. Moreover, showing respect for others, Bengal cats always require a worthy reciprocal attention to themselves.

Bengal cats: domesticated animals

Their pleasant character does not correspond a bit to the powerful growling and other wild intonations in the voice, but it makes a person feel like a forest resident, or at least a visitor to the zoo. However, they are moderately talkative and will not cause much trouble with their growls.

As befits a predator, a Bengal cat is absolutely not shy. But unlike their ancestors, they prefer a companionable lifestyle to a solitary one.

Bengal cat kittens

Particularly noteworthy are the games of Bengal cats. Wonderful jumpers and lovers of heights, they will conquer all the peaks of your home, including your own shoulders. 

In order not to remove the pet from the roof of the house or the neighboring balcony, it is better to think in advance of the option with a shell for climbing and jumping. Bengals are not only mobile athletes, but also excellent hunters. Hunting is definitely their favorite game. 

And since they have no problems with water, think carefully before buying an aquarium in the house where the bengal lives. A Bengal cat photo is extremely cunning by nature and will surely come up with a way to catch prey.

They make good use of their front paws, both for carrying items and for opening chests of drawers. Nimble and sporting bengals are easy to train and enjoy playing together with a person.

Bengal cat: domesticated beast

In care, Bengal cats photos do not pose big problems. They are clean and shed very little. If necessary, they can be redeemed without trouble. What you really have to worry about is the walks that Bengal cats living in small apartments are vital. 

They quickly get used to the harness and happily leave the house. On the street, do not forget about vigilance: bengals, as one of the most expensive breeds, can become a desired object for thieves.

This cat has enviable health. If, as they say, an ordinary cat has “nine lives,” then a Bengal cat has at least a dozen. Some owners are also happy to note that these cats rarely cause allergic reactions in humans.

A Bengal cat is a charismatic, independent, resourceful and mischievous animal that can earn the respect of any owner.

6. British cats: History and Origin of the breed

Before plunging into history and finding out where the British cats came from , let us recall one apt statement by A. Smith: “Where there is one Englishman, there will be a garden. Where there are two Englishmen, there will be a club. ” 

You can safely continue this statement and say that where there are three Englishmen, there will be an association of cat lovers. After all, it was in the UK that people’s attitude to cats went beyond mere domestic hobbies. 

Numerous clubs and associations of cat breeders seriously approached the breeding of their pets and, in fact, laid the foundations for future science – felinology. Where did the cats appear on the foggy islands?

The generally accepted version is that cats came to Britain from Rome in the first century, since already in 43 C.E. The Roman systematic conquest of British territory began. 

For many centuries, under the influence of the cool and humid climate that reigned on the British Isles, cats formed their own special type. The main advantage of the native British was a short dense coat that perfectly protects from moisture and insects.

Domestic cats for a long time remained mainly defenders of the house from small rodents. Attention to their harmonious appearance began to appear only at the end of the XVI century. The first known cat show was held in Winchester in 1598. The next event to leave a mark in history was the Cat House show in London in 1861.

british cats

However, official cat shows with their own rules and standards began to be held only in the 1870s. The public enthusiasm of those times for any demonstrations knew no bounds. Suffice it to recall the first official British cat show at Crystal Palace in London on July 13, 1871. 

Even its organizer, the famous writer and artist Harrison Weir did not expect such a success. 170 people took part in the first show, and for the visitors who came to gawk, it was almost impossible to see the cats themselves, comfortably housed in pigeon cages. 

British cats also took part in the exhibition. The 14-year-old cat with a blue tabby color belonging to Weir himself was recognized as the best at the exhibition. In addition, 53 more awards were given in various innovative classes,

Cat shows at Crystal Palace were held every year until 1936, until the legendary palace burned down in a fire.

In the 1880s, thanks to Harrison Weir, British cats got their first official name – “Shorthair”.

In 1901, Sir Claude and Lady Alexander founded the first club in which the British divorced. If in the XIX century cat breeding remained the prerogative of extremely wealthy and noble people, then the founders of this club took an important step towards the availability of such a hobby that was exquisite for those times. They significantly reduced the initial entry fee and attracted new members from the poor.

In the same year, a British red tabby named Bell was imported into the United States, where he was soon registered as the first “American Shorthair”.

At the beginning of the XX century, cats of the British breed were divided into classes according to their color, but typical signs of the breed were already formed and fixed in the standards. Those cats, perhaps, differed from their modern descendants only in slightly smaller sizes.

World War I left interest in cats far behind other issues. During the war years, breeders of British cats photo lost a huge amount of breeding material, and in order to restore the unique British type they had to resort to crosses with other breeds. Selection work was carried out with the addition of blood of Persian cats and chartreuse.

Preservation of the breed during the Second World War and after was dealt with by Miss Keith Wilson, an expert British judge at cat shows, whose favorites have always been these cats. 

The constant introductory breeding of the British with the Persians, chartreuse, Scottish folds and even domestic cats, as well as the targeted selection for the enlargement and weighting of animals led to a significant change in the breed appearance in the early 1960s. 

The modern pedigree type is distinguished by a more massive skeleton and wool of a more delicate structure with a very dense undercoat. The British also borrowed full cheeks from the Chartreuse breed. For the early representatives of the breed, such developed cheeks were not characteristic.

british cats

U.S. interest in breeding shorthair from the UK was extremely low until the mid-1960s. But as early as 1970, the American Cat Lovers Association (CFA) officially recognized the existence of the British Cat breed. Initially, they were considered only cats of blue and black color.

In 1980, the CFA approved the British championship status, and the first champion on the continent was the cat Tikikats Snowmaiden from Denimar cattery. This cat served as an example for writing the standard of the British breed in the USA.

In the USSR, a British cat was first introduced in the late 1980s from Czechoslovakia. Recreation of the breed in our country began experimentally through numerous interbreeding. Bagoas Pirandello, an international blue male cat, imported from Holland, became the founder of the most famous British lineage in Russia.

7. Sphynx cat: History and Origin of the breed

Sphynx cat– This is a brave, friendly elf who will steal your heart in an instant by wrapping its paws around your neck and calmly licking your whole face. It is believed that it is the lack of wool that makes the Sphinxes lovers of hugs and touches. 

One way or another, this cat always craves hugs and attention and is forever dedicated to you … or any other person who came to visit you. They love to be in the spotlight so much that they completely lack the fear of strangers. To be a favorite of the public, to bathe in the eyes of enthusiastic eyes – this is the real calling of this extravagant clown. 

For good reason these cats are compared with little monkeys. However, they also took something from the dog, namely walking on the heels of his beloved master. The unlimited curiosity and high energy of these charms sometimes lead to trouble. 

Therefore, if you choose a sphynx cat, then be prepared for the fact that, leaving it sleeping peacefully on the couch, after a second or two you can find it in a completely different place, maybe even in a washing machine.

Affectionate and completely devoid of aggressiveness, she will get along well with the child and will not scratch him under any circumstances. If there are other animals in the house, then she will also try to find a common language with them. 

An extrovert by nature, it is open to communication with any living creatures. Apparently, such a strong desire to communicate contributed to the development of Sphinx cats in the skills of learning and understanding from the first word. They happily walk on a leash, ride a car and carry things in their teeth.

Sphinxes are cats that are human dependent. Communication with the owner is a vital necessity for them, therefore this breed is not suitable for people who constantly disappear at work. She just can’t stand the longing and loneliness.

As for the care for the “bald alien”, the main features relate to her skin. The sphinx skin sweats, tans, and secretes a brown substance that can accumulate in the ears and on the claws. 

Due to such physiological features, a Sphynx cat cannot be outdoors in the scorching sun in hot weather and must be washed or rubbed with lotion on her skin at least once a week. In the cold season, you need to stock up on clothing for cats and equip a warm place in the room (for example, put a heating pad in a cat’s house). 

Despite the fact that cats of this breed are considered cold-resistant, severe hypothermia can lead to serious respiratory diseases and even pneumonia.

To maintain the high energy exchange characteristic of all sphinxes, the cat needs to be well fed. She eats on average twice as much as an ordinary cat. With improper feeding or at a constant low temperature in the room, the cat may have hair on the ears, limbs and other parts of the body.

Also, due to the fact that sphynx cats do not have eyelashes in their eyes, mucus can accumulate in conjunctival sacs, which must be removed with clean cotton wool or special napkins.

Canadian Sphynx:

The Canadian Sphynx breed was started in 1966 in Toronto when a hairless kitten named Prune was born to a black and white domestic short hair queen (Elizabeth).  The kitten was mated with its mother (called back crossing), which produced one more naked kitten.  Together with a few naked kittens found later, the cat Prune marked the first attempt to create a hairless breed.

After purchasing these cats in 1966 and initially referring to them as “Moonstones” and “Canadian Hairless”, Ridyadh Bawa, a science graduate of the University of Toronto, combined efforts with his mother, Yania, a long time Siamese breeder and Kees and Rita Tenhoves to develop a breed of cats which was subsequently renamed as “Sphynx”.

8. Siamese cat: History and origin of the breed

Siamese cat History of the breed

Perhaps the light and miniature Siamese cat with amazing blue eyes is known to every Russian person, regardless of whether he is a real kitten or, on the contrary, cats do not cause him anything but violent irritation. 

At home in Thailand (ancient Siam), these cats were called and sometimes continue to be called Wichien-Maat, which means “moon diamond”. Siamese cats perfectly fit this description, however, it could not be accepted by British cat breeders of the XIX century.

The guides of the souls of the departed to another world, the sacred inhabitants of the religious temples and royal palaces of Siam, were not welcomed at their first exhibition in Crystal Palace in London on July 16, 1871. 

The fact is that until the reign of King Rama V (1868-1910), Siamese cats were not exported from Thailand to other countries, and their appearance to the English public was a greater surprise. Two cats of the Siamese breed were called “nightmare”, “ugly” and “frightening” creatures. 

This opinion arose not because the first Siamese we knew had any more eccentric appearance, but rather with the complete discrepancy between the Siamese cat and the British concept of pedigree. 

Fortunately, the Siamese cat photo managed to interest some important gentlemen, and gradually, step by step, their ascent to the “cat Olympus” began.

In 1884, an official of the British Consulate General in Bangkok, Owen Hood brought to England a pair of Siamese cats, Fo and Mia, which were marked in the first register of the breed under the numbers 1 and 2.

It was a gift from Mr. Goode to his beloved sister, Miss Lillian Goode, who is already in 1885 very successfully exhibited the first offspring of their cats in Crystal Palace. Unfortunately, those kittens became infected with cat plague at the show and died a week later.

In the same 1885, Miss Forestier Walker and her sister Mrs. Vivien brought another pair of Siamese from Thailand to England. Modern Siamese cats originate precisely from these two pairs and several more Siamese imported by the British at the end of the XIX century.

A visit to cat shows by Queen Victoria herself and her passion for this breed affected the extraordinary growth of their popularity in the country. By the way, the modern Queen of Great Britain Elizabeth II also has sympathy for them, she received a Siamese force point as a gift for her wedding.

In 1892, Harrison Weir wrote the first standard for Siamese cats. And the first champion among them was the cat C. Wankey, imported from Hong Kong by Mrs. Robinson in 1895.

The English Siamese Club was opened in 1902 by enthusiastic aristocrats, including the already mentioned Miss Forestier Walker, her sister Mrs. Vivienne, and also Miss Lillian Goode. 

They bought all the direct offspring of the Siamese cat Tiam O’Shyan, imported in 1888 by Lady Dorothy Neville and distinguished by the appearance that was most attractive from the point of view of the British. After all, the first imported Siamese cats quite often had a broken tail and slanting eyes, which was perceived by British breeders as flaws. 

The founders of the club also drew up a new standard for Siamese cats and made a distinction between “Royal Siamese”, our usual beige color with pronounced brown marks, and “Chocolate Siamese”, brown color with slightly noticeable spots (modern Burmese or Tonkin cats). 

In the famous book by Francis Simson “The Book of The Cat” 1903 edition, Siamese cat devoted a huge chapter. It contains valuable information about the early formation of this breed.

Siamese cats in the 1890s were also widely known outside the homeland of felinology, for example, in the USA and Australia. The first Siamese in America lived in the White House back in 1878 and belonged to Mrs. B. Hayes.

A huge contribution to the development of the Siamese breed, incomparable in importance with others, was made by the British cattery “Prestwick” of Mr. and Mrs. Hindley. The spouses did their best to maintain the original purity of the pedigree lines. In a way, they succeeded, because even today the traditional Siamese, fully corresponding to the type of their ancestors, is still found.

Looking at photographs of Siamese cats in the first half of the 20th century, we find shorter limbs, an uneven profile and a rounded head compared to modern animals. The huge popularity of the blue-eyed handsome men in the mask and their massive, sometimes illiterate, breeding led to the emergence in the 1950s of many Siamese types. 

Moreover, it was during that period that problems with the aggressiveness of these animals showed up. To date, through careful selection, breeders have managed to remove Siamese cats from their previously irritability and develop a wonderful temperament.

The historical change in the appearance of these cats was accompanied by a periodic change in Siamese breed standards. The emphasis gradually shifted towards the specific physique of the Siamese, and to the colors, on the contrary, the increasing loyalty of specialists was manifested. The 1958 standard first stated that a Siamese cat photo should have a narrow wedge-shaped head, long body, high legs and large, widely set ears.

Today, the taste differences between the breeders have led to the fact that the old type Siamese coexists peacefully along with the new type of cats, a lot of unclean lines mixed with Balinese and Oriental Shorthair breeds, as well as the allocation of various “sub-breeds”.

Siamese cats were first brought to Russia at the very beginning of the 20th century. However, as a result of interbreeding with other breeds and local domestic cats, they instantly lost their pure breed and for a long time disappeared from the general field of vision.

At the first cat shows held in the USSR in the late 1980s, the interest of domestic newly made felinologists in the Siamese breed manifested itself in a rather strange way: all home-grown cats with “Siamese” marks were proudly ranked as Siamese. 

Later, from domestic cats of this type (with a round head, undercoat and a rather squat physique), they decided to make up a new breed – Thai. The first real Siamese cat was imported from Czechoslovakia and Poland in the early 1990s. Among them are mentioned Kai Sagir, Mona and Oldesh Gracilis, who had many impurities in their pedigrees and had a number of drawbacks – a vicious head shape and vertical ears. 

Only the cat Charlie von Münlau from the GDR helped Russian breeders deal with these problems. Its excellent profile, correct exterior and lightweight type were successfully passed on to descendants. 

9. Siberian cat: History and Origin of the breed

Siberian cat History of the breed

A Siberian cat cannot attract a fan with either an exotic name or an exotic appearance. This is a cat of a healthy type, devoid of all sorts of extremes, which, undoubtedly, has its own special charm. The particular popularity of this breed is currently due to its widely promoted hypoallergenicity due to the lack of FEL D1 protein in saliva.

Owners of expressive memorable faces in combination with a massive body, Siberian cats remind us of a child who is full of health. Like a human child, they develop very slowly, continuing to gain muscle mass up to 5 years of age, and sometimes even later. 

The Siberian cat is often compared to dogs in their care of the house, attachment to a particular family member and a tendency to bring things in their teeth. She is in the habit of warning the owners of an approaching visitor and will not let other animals into her territory. Unlike most other cats, they are absolutely fearless. They are indifferent to dogs, not afraid of strangers and the sounds of cars.

Mobility and playfulness are perfectly combined with their prudence. After all, before you get the toy that has fallen under the closet, the Siberian cat thinks for a few seconds and only then makes the only right movement. By the way, these cats play with almost all the toys offered to them and love to climb somewhere higher.

In relations with people, the Siberian cat is quite restrained and will not accompany you everywhere. Intuitively feeling the need for her presence, she will suddenly appear in front of her nose, but when you get distracted for a while and go about your business, she instantly disappears.

This smart creature hides a good nanny and nurse. If you are a little sick, then she will not move away from you a single step until complete recovery.

An important advantage of Siberian cats is ease of care. Siberian long hair, as a rule, without balls, and daily combing is necessary only during molting periods, which is approximately 10 days in spring and autumn. 

Siberian cats photos are mostly water-tolerant and some of them even like to swim. And, important for those who want to have offspring, giving birth to cats is very easy. Perhaps the most difficult moment in caring for Siberian cats is the need for walking. 

Do not forget that your animal is much more a predator than a domestic cat. In rural areas, not only rodents, but even ferrets and rabbits become their prey. Walking these cats is necessary both to improve the condition of the coat, and to maintain physical fitness.

Siberian cat certainly embodies strength and dignity. Her soft melodious voice and graceful tread of a beautiful large body will bring an atmosphere of protection and tranquility into your home.

10. Turkish van: History and origin of the breed

Turkish van is one of the most intelligent breeds among domestic cats. At the same time, they retain a sociable character and quickly become attached to a person. Sociability of the van is expressed in the mobility of the facial muscles: facial expressions in these cats are quite pronounced.

Vans by nature are calm and respond well to affection, but in a playful mood they prefer active movement. These cats easily and happily climb to great heights and jump perfectly, so it is advisable that your pet has a corner for outdoor games at home, where he will not drop anything or break anything. Do not be surprised if the van tries to attract you to the game: these cats need a partnership.

Inborn curiosity sometimes forces the Van to play pranks. So that your pet does not get bored and does not look for dangerous adventures, regularly update his toys and give him time. Including walking with the van, you can even walk in winter, but it is recommended that you gradually accustom the animal to harness or aviary.

One of the most interesting behavioral features of Van cats, discovered even in the very first representatives of the breed, is the almost complete absence of fear of water. 

In the distant past, their wild ancestors independently earned their livelihood by catching fish in streams and in shallow water. Today, these animals swim perfectly, enjoy swimming in a shallow tank, and also willingly listen to the noise of the water flowing from the tap. 

Thanks to the love of cats for bathing, they are well suited to people with allergies to cat saliva. Sometimes representatives of this breed can independently climb under the stream or play with it for a long time.

The hair of Turkish cats is perfectly adapted to such games: it has the ability to repel water. In addition, the lack of undercoat helps the Turkish van to dry quickly in the open. The wool does not require special care and combing, and besides it repels dirt on its own thanks to its special texture. But this breed sheds due to the change of seasons, so in the spring of the van you need to comb out to help them quickly get rid of excess hair.

As for the state of health, Turkish cats will give odds to many other breeds. They lack genetic defects and predispositions to certain diseases. In general, this breed can be characterized as strong, healthy and strong. In addition, the vans are smart and loyal to their master. In the family, this cat most often chooses one person, which is followed on the heels, sometimes even reminding them of a dog.

With other pets, Turkish vans usually easily find a common language, including with dogs. But sometimes representatives of this breed can show imperious character and willfulness. This is especially true for females who always tend to dominate in pairs.